According to the National Cancer Institute, sarcoma is a type of cancer that begins in the bone or in the soft tissues of the body, including cartilage, fat, muscle, blood vessels, fibrous tissue, or other connective or supportive tissue. The two types include bone and soft tissue sarcoma, but there are more than 50 subtypes of soft tissue sarcoma.
Sarcoma is considered a rare type of cancer. According to cancer.net, sarcoma accounts for only 1% of cancers in adults. It is more common in children, accounting for roughly 15% of childhood cancers.
Sarcomas can start in any part of the body and it is important to take note of any swelling, bumps, or lumps that you notice. Most often these lumps are lipomas (benign) and made of fat cells, but if you notice that the lumps are more than 2 inches, are growing in size, or become painful, it is important to discuss this with your doctor.
Treatment and prognosis depend on the type and stage of the cancer, but generally speaking, treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation.
Because there are so many different types of sarcoma, both childhood and adult, we recommended these websites with more information, supports, and resources about sarcoma:
- American Cancer Society
- National Cancer Institute
- Sarcoma Alliance
- Sarcoma Foundation of America
- Rein in Sarcoma
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